5 Easy Ways To Start Investing With Little Money
Investing even very small amounts can reap big rewards. Here are 5 ways you can start investing with little money today.
The single most important part of investing is getting started. Life is all about habits, and if you never get into the habit of investing, you could be financially impaired for a lifetime. One of the primary reasons why people don’t start investing is because they feel they don’t have enough money to do so. But even if you start investing with little money, it may be all that’s needed to kick-start your way onto greater investing later.
Never think that you need to have thousands of dollars in order to invest. There are options available that will help you start investing for as little as $50 per month. You can start small, then increase investment contributions as your income grows, and you gain more confidence in how investing works.
If you don’t feel that you have enough money to invest, consider some of the options. If they seem to be decidedly on the conservative side, that’s not an accident. If you have very little money to invest, then you don’t want to take wild risks.
1. The cookie jar
Saving money and investing it are closely connected. That is, in order to invest money, you first have to save some up. But that will take a lot less than you think. You can do it in very small steps.
If you’ve never been a saver, you can start by putting away just $10 per week. That may not seem like a lot, but over the course of a year it comes to over $500.
Try putting $10 into an envelope, shoebox, a small safe, or even that legendary bank of first resort, the cookie jar. Though this may sound novel, it may be a necessary first step. The idea is to get yourself into the habit of living on a little bit less than you earn, and stashing the savings away in a safe place.
The advantage to the cookie jar method is that you can put the money away and forget that it’s there. The electronic equivalent is the online savings account; it’s separate from your checking account. The money can be withdrawn in two business days if you need it, but it’s not linked to your debit card. Then when the stash is large enough, you can take it out and move it into some actual investment investment vehicles.
You can start with small amounts of money, and then increase as you get more comfortable with the process. It may be a matter of deciding not to go to McDonald’s, and putting the money into the cookie jar instead. Or could mean passing on the movies, and saving the cash.
If you have trouble setting that money aside,Digit.co is a free app that analyzes your checking account and makes small transfers to a savings account for you. Prefer that money to be invested right away? Acorns is an app that rounds up your credit and debit card purchases and invests the difference.
It’s not fancy, but it’s a start. And for people who’ve never been savers, getting that start is all important.
2. Your employer retirement plan
If you are living on a tight budget, even the simple step of enrolling in your 401(k) or other employer retirement plan may seem beyond your reach. But there is a way that you can begin investing in an employer-sponsored retirement plan with amounts that are so small that you won’t even notice them.
For example, plan to invest just 1 percent of your salary into the employer plan.
You probably won’t even miss a contribution that small, but what makes it even easier is that the tax deduction that you’ll get for doing so will make the contribution even smaller.
Once you commit to a 1 percent contribution, you can increase it gradually each year. For example, in year two, you can increase your contribution to 2 percent of your pay. In year three, you can increase your contribution to 3 percent of your pay, and so on.
If you time the increases with your annual pay raise, you’ll notice the increased contribution even less. So if you get a 2 percent increase in pay, it will effectively be splitting the increase between your retirement plan and your checking account. And if your employer provides a matching contribution, that will make the arrangement even better.
Betterment is an automated investment platform that’s cheap and super easy to use.
When you invest your money with Betterment, the site sets you up with a portfolio that includes several exchange traded funds (ETFs). Betterment figures out how to invest your money for you based on a few questions you answer. That is to say that investment management is actually performed by the platform, as this is not a do-it-yourself account where you buy and sell your own choice of securities.
Betterment is the perfect platform if you are new to investing and don’t have a large amount of money to open an account. Not only will Betterment handle the investing for you, but there is no minimum deposit amount to open an account and you can contribute as little as $10 at a time.
If you’re able to set up an automatic deposit of at least $100 a month, Betterment’s fee is 0.35 percent of the amount of money you have in the account, which is pretty low (just $3.50 on an account of $1,000) considering that it also includes professional investment management. If you do not do an automatic deposit of at least $100 a month and have less than $10,000 invested, the fee to invest with Betterment is a flat $3 a month.
4. Low initial investment mutual funds
Mutual funds are investment securities that allow you to invest in a portfolio of stocks and bonds with a single transaction, making them perfect for new investors.
The trouble is, many mutual fund companies require initial minimum investments of between $500 and $5,000. If you’re a first-time investor with little money to invest, those minimums can be out of reach. But some mutual fund companies will waive the account minimums if you agree to automatic monthly investments of between $50 and $100.
Automatic investing is a common feature with mutual fund and exchange-traded fund IRA accounts. It’s less common with taxable accounts, though its always worth asking if it’s available. Mutual fund companies that have been known to do this include Dreyfus, Transamerica, and T. Rowe Price.
An automatic investing arrangement is particularly convenient if you can do it through payroll savings. You can typically set up an automatic deposit situation through your payroll, in much the same way that you do with an employer-sponsored retirement plan. Just ask your human resources department how to set it up.
Learn more about getting started with mutual fund investing here.
5. Treasury securities
Not many small investors begin their investment journey with the United States Treasury securities, but you can. You’ll never get rich with these securities, but it is an excellent place to park your money – and earn some interest – until you are ready to go into higher risk/higher return investments.
Treasury securities, also known as savings bonds, are easy to buy through the U.S. Treasury’s bond portal Treasury Direct. There you can buy fixed-income U.S. government securities with maturities of anywhere from 30 days to 30 years in denominations as low as $100.
You can also use Treasury Direct to buy Treasury Inflation Protected Securities, or TIPS. These not only pay interest, but they also make periodic principal adjustments to account for inflation based on changes in the consumer price index.
And as is the case with mutual funds, you can also arrange to have your Treasury Direct account funded through payroll savings.
There are plenty of ways to start investing with little money. You just have to get started. Once you do, it will get easier as time goes on. And your future self will love you for it.
By Kevin Mercadante